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kwetsbaarheid en veiligheid van intelligente distributienetwerken

Nummer
09.08
 
Naam
Kwetsbaarheid en veiligheid van intelligente distributienetwerken
 
Samenvatting
Om aan de gevraagde flexibiliteit rond energievoorziening te voldoen worden distributienetwerken voor elektriciteit in toenemende mate “intelligent”. Deze distributienetwerken hebben een dynamisch multi-level karakter waarbij uitwisseling van informatie wederzijds aan elkaar wordt gekoppeld. Het gaat hierbij om een fysieke laag (het elektriciteitsnet, een cyber-laag (ICT-gebaseerde werking en controle), een gebruikerslaag en een omgevingslaag (klimaat, geologie, bebouwde omgeving, politieke situatie etc.). Om tot een evenwichtige economische beoordeling te komen van de ontwikkeling van intelligente netten zouden risico’s als storingen en cyberaanvallen meegenomen moeten worden voorafgaand aan potentiele incidenten om veiligheid te waarborgen. De doelen van dit project zijn (1) het systematisch vergelijken van de kwetsbaarheid van traditionele en intelligente distributienetten en (2) identificatie en simulatie van mogelijke aanpassingen.
 
Projectleider
Zofia Lukszo (projectleider)
Onderzoekers
Francien Dechesne
 
Martijn van Glabbeek
 
Robin Hagemans
Beschrijving
The energy system is in transition, in response to economic and ecological challenges, and employing technical developments. Renewable energy technologies are being added to our energy supply. The new energy infrastructure is multi-layered, multi-sectoral, and deeply socio-technical: human factors are an essential component in the effectiveness of the technology, and institutions need to be in place to balance different goals and stakes, and to regulate interactions between the different actors involved. The emerging new energy systems involves new roles, stakeholders, products, services. For example, households turn from mere consumers into producers of energy (through solar, wind), and of new commodities: data and flexibility. This may lead to data management and flexibility aggregator services as new actors in the energy system.
 
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is an important enabler for the operation and control of the new energy system. But the dependence on ICT also makes it susceptible for cybersecurity issues, and security issues that arise in the interaction between the cyber layer and the physical, institutional and human layers of the system. These vulnerabilities need to be addressed from an integrated engineering systems perspective, in particular a systems-of-systems view across sectors and national borders, linked with policy, law and economics.
 
In the KID project, the aim has been to make an inventory of the novel vulnerabilities that arise, and the changes is risk management that are required by the transition from traditional distribution grids to smart distribution grids.

The project captured its research in four core research questions:
  1. To give an operational definition of smart distribution grids, with an inventory of goals, functionalities, actors and values affected.
  2. What are novel technical, institutional and human vulnerabilities that arise in the (near future) smart grids?
  3. Which risk management strategies should be used to address these novel vulnerabilities, in particular those related to ICT?
  4. What is the gap between current academic research and practical knowledge needs?
 
Partners
Alliander
Deelprogramma
Empowering Networks
Sector
Energie-infrastructuur
Publicaties
Acceptance of ICT-Intensive Socio-Technical Infrastructure Systems: Smart Metering Case in the Netherlands overige publicaties
 
Agent-based modelling for policy engineering wetenschappelijk artikel
 
Agent-Based Modelling of Socio-Technical Systems wetenschappelijk boek
 
Cost-Effectiveness of Security Measures: A Model-Based Framework hoofdstuk in wetenschappelijk boek
 
Design for privacy hoofdstuk in wetenschappelijk boek
 
Enhancing ABM into an inevitable tool for policy analysis wetenschappelijk artikel
 
Ethical requirements for reconfigurable sensor technology -- a challenge for value sensitive design wetenschappelijk artikel
 
Obligations to Enforce Prohibitions: On the Adequacy of Security Policy overige publicaties
Afgerond
2013
 

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