Herder, P. M.; I. Bouwmans; G.P.J. Dijkema; R.M. Stikkelman and M.P.C. Weijnen: Designing Infrastructures Using a Complex Systems Perspective, pp. 17-34. In: Journal of Design Research 7, No. 1 (2008). [s.l.]: Inderscience, 2008. ISSN: 1748-3050. International Journal
Networked infrastructures are complex socio-technical systems. Their complexity shows in the physical networks, in the actor networks, and the combination thereof. This paper addresses the question, ‘how should the design of these systems be undertaken?’ Both for physical networks and for actor networks, design processes exist that can be applied separately. For integrated networks, however, an integrated approach is proposed. Three case studies are discussed concerning the design of a district heating system, a gas network and a seaport development, respectively. It is concluded that the integrated socio-technical complex system design process proposed has merit for networked infrastructures.