Lukszo, Z. and G. P.J. Dijkema: The Operation and Evolution of Infrastructures: The Role of Agent-Based Modeling and Decision Making, pp. 299-307. In: International Journal Critical Infrastructures, Vol. 5, No. 4 (2009). ISSN: (Print): 1475-3219 - ISSN: (Online): 1741-8038. International Journal (Refereed)
Operation and evolution of infrastructure mutually influence each other. Both involve decision making. In this paper, we explore insights from simulating both in a single model. We present a framework to compare and connect the latest in modelling operation and evolution, respectively. Using the framework, we introduce the papers included in this special issue. Building-blocks are discussed for multi-scale modelling and simulation for decision support. The most prominent problem areas are the selection of sampling frequency and synchronisation and the magnitude of the solution-space to be explored. A research agenda is compiled to address these and other issues when combining the two in multi-scale modelling to provide some direction for future research.