Gourdin, E., J. Omic and P. Van Mieghem, 2011: Optimization of network protection against virus spread. In: the 8th International Workshop on Design of Reliable Communication Networks (DRCN 2011), October 10-12, Krakow, Poland.
The effect of virus spreading in a telecommunication network, where a certain curing strategy is deployed, can be captured by epidemic models. In the N-intertwined model proposed and studied in , , the probability of each node to be infected depends on the curing and infection rate of its neighbors. In this paper, we consider the case where all infection rates are equal and different values of curing rates can be deployed within a given budget, in order to minimize the overall infection of the network. We investigate this difficult optimization together with a related problem where the curing budget must be minimized within a given level of network infection. Some properties of these problems are derived and several solution algorithms are proposed. These algorithms are compared on two real world network instances, while Erd¨os-R´enyi graphs and some special graphs such as the cycle, the star, the wheel and the complete bipartite graph are also addressed.